History books tell us that growing grape vines and wine making began in Poland in the 12th century and wineries were found all over the country up until the 17th – 18th centuries. Unfortunately, growing and production has been interrupted by wars and economic crisis.
Today there are over 400 vineyards in Poland spread on over 450 ha of land and new, family owned vineyards are being established every year. Since 2009, wine produced in Polish vineyards can be purchased in stores. Polish wines can now also be ordered by glass or bottle in upscale restaurants around Poland and many have been recognized for their high quality by wine connoisseurs.
Although today wine is being made in most regions of Poland, even northern regions such as Pomerania and Mazuria, here’s a brief introduction to five largest and most important wine regions of Poland, mostly located in southern Poland:
Lesser Poland Region
- 118 vineyards
- Polish Institute of Grape Vines and Wine in Krakow
- Malopolski Szlak Winny
- 94 vineyards
- Three sub-regions exist:
- Jaslo & Debica
- Jaroslaw & Przemysl
- Szlak Podkarpackiego Jadla i Wina
- 50 vineyards
Lubuskie Region – Zielona Gora
- 33 vineyards
- Zielona Gora Winemakers Association
- Wine Muzeum in Zielona Gora
- Lubuski Szlak Wina i Miodu – lubuski, dolnoslaski, wielkopolski, zachodniopomorski
Lower Silesia Region
- 31 vineyards
- Oldest winemaking traditions in Poland
- Largest vineyard Miekinia with 16.8 ha
The following six grape varieties are grown in the largest numbers in Poland:
Reds – regent, pinot noir, rondo, cabarnet cortis, zweigelt (rebe) and marechal foch
Whites – riesling, solaris, seyval blanc, johanniter, hibernal and chardonnay
Join us on our September 9 – 15, 2018 “Spa & Wine Vacation in Southern Poland & Krakow” culinary and cultural adventure to learn more about winemaking in Poland and taste delicious Polish wines!
Na zdrowie! – Cheers!